中国修复重建外科杂志

中国修复重建外科杂志

切开复位锁定加压钩钢板治疗单纯肱骨大结节骨折疗效分析

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目的 探讨切开复位锁定加压钩钢板治疗单纯肱骨大结节骨折的疗效。方法 2014 年 3 月—2017 年 9 月,收治 16 例单纯肱骨大结节骨折患者。男 11 例,女 5 例;年龄 22~67 岁,平均 38.4 岁。致伤原因:摔伤 13 例,运动伤 3 例;均为闭合性损伤。CT 示复位后骨折移位 8~21 mm,平均 12.6 mm。14 例伴肩关节脱位。受伤至手术时间为 2~5 d,平均 2.6 d。所有患者均采用切开复位锁定加压钩钢板固定治疗,术后第 3 天开始肩关节功能锻炼。结果 术后患者切口均Ⅰ期愈合,无感染、神经损伤等并发症发生。患者均获随访,随访时间 12~20 个月,平均 15.3 个月。术后 3 个月 X 线片复查示骨折愈合,均达影像学解剖复位标准。末次随访时,根据 Neer 评分评价肩关节功能,获优 11 例、良 5 例。其中 1 例术后出现肩关节轻微疼痛,伴轻度活动受限,1 年后疼痛症状消失。结论 对于单纯肱骨大结节骨折,切开复位锁定加压钩钢板固定治疗具有术中出血少、骨折固定牢固、允许早期功能锻炼等优点,有利于肩关节功能恢复,获得较好疗效。

Objective To observe the effectivenness of locking compression hook plate in treatment of humeral greater tuberosity fractures. Methods Between March 2014 and September 2017, 16 patients with isolated humeral greater tuberosity fractures were terated with open reduction and internal fixation with locking compression hook plates. There were 11 males and 5 females, with an average age of 38.4 years (range, 22-67 years). The cause of injury was falling injury in 13 cases and sport injury in 3 cases. All patients were closed fractures. Of all patients, 14 patients accompanied with shoulder joint dislocations. CT scan showed the average displacement of fragment was 12.6 mm (range, 8-21 mm) after reduction. All patients began passive functional exercise at 3 days after operation. Results Primary healing of the incisons achieved in all patients, without complications such as infection and nerve injury. All patients were followed up 12-20 months (mean, 15.3 months). At 3 months after operation, X-ray film showed that all fractures achieved bone union, all of which met the imaging anatomical reduction standard. According to the Neer scoring criteria, 11 cases were excellent and 5 cases were good at last follow-up. One patint presented slight pain of shoulder joint and mild activity limitation, which relieved after 1 year. Conclusion The method of open reduction and locking compression hook plate internal fixation for isolated humeral greater tuberosity fractures has advantages, such as less intraoperative hemorrhage, mild postoperative pain, firm fixation, and allowing patients to perform functional exercise earlier, which is conducive to shoulder functional recovery and obtain satisfactory effectiveness.

关键词: 肱骨大结节骨折; 切开复位; 锁定加压钩钢板; 内固定

Key words: Humeral greater tuberosity fracture; open reduction; locking compression hook plate; internal fixation

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