中国修复重建外科杂志

中国修复重建外科杂志

带蒂组织瓣在头颈部肿瘤术后缺损修复重建中的应用研究进展

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目的 对带蒂组织瓣在头颈部肿瘤术后缺损修复重建中的应用现状进行综述,并展望其应用前景。 方法 查阅国内外相关文献,阐述带蒂组织瓣在头颈部肿瘤术后缺损修复重建中的地位变迁,并回顾常用的新型和传统组织瓣的发展历史,总结其解剖学基础、适应证、优缺点和改进方法。 结果 颏下动脉岛状皮瓣、锁骨上动脉岛状皮瓣、面动脉颊肌黏膜瓣和颌下腺瓣等新型组织瓣,在特定患者中表现出与游离皮瓣相似甚至更优的修复效果。而目前临床对鼻唇沟皮瓣、胸大肌肌皮瓣、背阔肌肌皮瓣、颞肌筋膜瓣以及颞顶筋膜瓣等传统带蒂组织瓣的制备技术也进行了诸多改良,进一步拓宽了各自适应证,尤其适用于自身条件不佳的患者。 结论 带蒂组织瓣在头颈部肿瘤缺损修复重建中仍然发挥着重要作用,在特定的患者甚至展现出切取更便捷、术后恢复快、治疗花费少、修复效果好的优势。

Objective To summarize the current status of pedicled flaps for defect repair and reconstruction after head and neck tumor resection, and to present its application prospects. Methods Related literature was reviewed, and the role evolution of pedicled flaps in the reconstruction of head and neck defects were discussed. The advance, anatomical basis, indications, advantages, disadvantages, and modification of several frequently used pedicled flaps were summarized. Results The evolution of pedicled flaps application showed a resurgence trend in recent years. Some new pedicled flaps, e.g., submental artery island flap, supraclavicular artery island flap, submandibular gland flap, and facial artery musculomucosal flap, can acquire equivalent or even superior outcome to free flaps in certain cases. Technological modification of some traditional pedicled flaps, e.g., nasolabial flap, pectoralis major myocutaneous flap, latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap, temporalis myofascial flap, and temporoparietal fascial flap, can further broaden their indications. These traditional flaps still occupy an irreplaceable role, especially in patients with poor condition and institution with immature microsurgical techniques. Conclusion The pedicled flaps still plays an important role in head and neck reconstruction after tumor resection. In certain cases, they demonstrate some advantages over free flaps, e.g., more convenient harvest, more rapid recovery, less expenditure, and better functional and aesthetic effect.

关键词: 带蒂组织瓣; 头颈部缺损; 创面修复

Key words: Pedicled flap; head and neck defects; wound repair

引用本文: 陈健, 李暐. 带蒂组织瓣在头颈部肿瘤术后缺损修复重建中的应用研究进展. 中国修复重建外科杂志, 2018, 32(3): 369-376. doi: 10.7507/1002-1892.201710098 复制

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