中国修复重建外科杂志

中国修复重建外科杂志

Scarf 截骨及 Akin 截骨联合软组织手术治疗轻中度跖内收型鰒外翻短期疗效

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目的 评估 Scarf 截骨及 Akin 截骨联合软组织手术治疗轻中度跖内收型ル外翻的短期疗效。 方法 回顾分析 2013 年 2 月—2015 年 5 月采用 Scarf 截骨及 Akin 截骨联合软组织手术治疗的 30 例(48 足)轻中度跖内收型ル外翻患者临床资料。其中男 2 例(2 足),女 28 例(46 足);年龄 18~50 岁,平均 29.4 岁。病程 3~12 年,平均 6.1 年。结合 Sgarlato 测量法测量跖内收以及 Yu 等的分类标准评估跖内收程度,轻度 20 足,中度 28 足。术前 X 线片测量示,ル外翻角(hallux valgus angle,HVA)为(39.4±5.6)°,第 1、2 跖骨间夹角(first-second intermetatarsal angle,1-2IMA)为(15.2±3.5)°,跖内收角(metatarsus adductus angle,MAA)为(21.2±3.7)°。术前美国矫形足踝协会(AOFAS)评分为(51.7±10.0)分,疼痛视觉模拟评分(VAS)为(4.9±2.7)分。术后观察患者并发症发生情况并记录截骨愈合时间;末次随访时摄 X 线片测量 HVA、1-2IMA、MAA,记录 AOFAS 评分和 VAS 评分,并与术前比较;并采用 Roles - Maudsley 评分对患者进行满意度调查。 结果 患者术后切口均 Ⅰ 期愈合。30 例患者均获随访,随访时间 24~27 个月,平均 26.4 个月。3 例(4 足)出现转移性跖痛,予以矫形鞋垫治疗后疼痛消失。截骨均愈合,愈合时间 2~4 个月,平均 2.7 个月。末次随访时 HVA 为(13.2±3.1)°,1-2IMA 为(5.1±2.3)°,均较术前显著改善(t=14.606,P=0.000;t=22.356,P=0.000);MAA 为(21.0±3.4)°,与术前比较差异无统计学意义(t=0.789,P=0.434)。AOFAS 评分和 VAS 评分分别为(91.8±7.5)、(1.1±1.0)分,均较术前显著改善(t=13.787,P=0.000;t=14.781,P=0.000)。满意度调查显示,患者非常满意及满意 28 例(93.3%),不满意 2 例(6.7%)。 结论 Scarf 截骨及 Akin 截骨联合软组织手术治疗轻中度跖内收型ル外翻短期疗效满意,且无需对跖内收畸形进行矫正。

Objective To evaluate the short-term effectiveness of Scarf osteotomy and Akin osteotomy combined with soft tissue procedures for hallux valgus associated with mild to moderate metatarsus adductus. Methods The clinical data of 30 patients (48 feet) who were diagnosised hallux valgus associated with mild to moderate metatarsus adductus and treated by Scarf osteotomy and Akin osteotomy combined with soft tissue procedures between February 2013 and May 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 2 males (2 feet) and 28 females (46 feet) with an average age of 29.4 years (range, 18-50 years). The disease duration was 3-12 years (mean, 6.1 years). The degree of metatarsal adductus was assessed by Sgarlato’s measurement and Yu et al classification criteria, and the degree of metatarsal adductus was mild in 20 feet and moderate in 28 feet. Preoperative X-ray examination showed that the hallux valgus angle (HVA) was (39.4±5.6)°, the first-second intermetatarsal angle (1-2IMA) was (15.2±3.5)°, the metatarsus adductus angle (MAA) was (21.2±3.7)°. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score was 51.7±10.0, and visual analogue scale (VAS) score was 4.9±2.7 before operation. Postoperative complications and the union time of osteotomies were recorded. At last follow-up, the HVA, 1-2IMA, and MAA were measured on X-ray films, and the AOFAS scores and VAS scores were recorded, then compared them with preoperative ones. Roles - Maudsley score was used to investigate patients’ satisfaction. Results All the incisions healed by first intention. Thirty patients were followed up 24-27 months (mean, 26.4 months). Three patients (4 feet) occured metatarsalgia, and the pain relieved after treated by Custom-Made Orthotics. All the osteotomies were unoin, the healing time was 2-4 months (mean, 2.7 months). At last follow-up, the HVA and the 1-2IMA were (13.2±3.1)° and (5.1±2.3)°, respectively, showing significant differences when compared with preoperative ones (t=14.606, P=0.000; t=22.356, P=0.000); the MAA was (21.0±3.4)° and there was no significant difference when compared with preoperative one (t=0.789, P=0.434). The AOFAS and VAS scores were 91.8±7.5 and 1.1±1.0, respectively, showing signifiant differences when compared with preoperative ones (t=13.787, P=0.000; t=14.781, P=0.000). Satisfaction survey showed that 28 patients were very satisfied and satisfied (93.3%), and 2 cases were not satisfied (6.7%). Conclusion The short-term effectiveness of Scarf osteotomy and Akin osteotomy combined with soft tissue procedures for hallux valgus associated with mild to moderate metatarsus adductus is satisfactory, and no correction is required for metatarsal adductus.

关键词: 跖内收; ル外翻; Scarf 截骨术; Akin 截骨术

Key words: Metatarsus adductus; hallux valgus; Scarf osteotomy; Akin osteotomy

引用本文: 屈福锋, 蔡杰, 梁晓军, 鹿军, 曾秋, 姬维娜. Scarf 截骨及 Akin 截骨联合软组织手术治疗轻中度跖内收型鰒外翻短期疗效. 中国修复重建外科杂志, 2018, 32(11): 1392-1396. doi: 10.7507/1002-1892.201804046 复制

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